In a recent article on his website, JuanCole.com, Dr. Cole analysis the different excuses that Israel uses to deny statehood to PalestineÂ and reject the 1967 borders. It is an excellent read and especially relevant in light of Â president Obama’s recent speech and endorsement of the 1967 borders for the basis of a Palestinian state. I’m including a couple of excerpts below:
Why Israel needs to retreat to the 1967 borders:
…the annexation of territory from a neighbor through warfare is illegal according to the United Nations Charter, which is a treaty to which Israel and the United States are both signatories. â€˜Greater Israelâ€™ apologists attempt to get out of this difficulty by saying that countries used to conquer land away from their neighbors all the time. This is a bogus argument, since countries used to do a lot of things, including sponsor the slave trade; Britain even insisted on China allowing the sale of opium in the early 19th century. The world changed when World War II ended and the countries of the world established the United Nations to forestall any recrudescence of Axis techniques of conquest and rule. If Israel does not believe in the UN Charter, it should renounce its UN membership.
On Israel’s security concerns:
Netanyahuâ€™s argument for not going back to 1967 borders is that it is inconvenient. He says that the 1967 borders are indefensible. This assertion is a logical fallacy, known as special pleading. You canâ€™t launch a war and annex your neighborâ€™s territory because you fear that your own presents security challenges. Lots of countries are unhappy with their borders. Saddam Hussein annexed Kuwait in 1990 in part because he felt that the British had erred in not giving modern Iraq a deep water port, which made Iraq â€˜indefensibleâ€™ and put it at an economic disadvantage. Pakistan believes that its failure to secure the headwaters of the Indus Valley rivers in Kashmir in 1947 puts it at a permanent disadvantage vis-a-vis India and makes the country overly vulnerable (â€˜indefensibleâ€™). Netanyahuâ€™s immoral argument that a country just has to take by main force whatever it feels will make it more secure is astonishing and is a standing danger to world peace if it were taken seriously by other countries.
The full article can be read here: What lies Behind Netanyahuâ€™s Bluster on â€™1967 Bordersâ€™